Selden Patent

 

 

NOTICE, To Manufactureres, Dealers, Importers Agents and Users

of Gasoline Automobiles, United States Patent 549,160 granted to

George Selden, November 5, 1895, controls broadly all gasoline automobiles

which are accepted as commercially practical. Licenses under this patent

have been secured from the following manufactureres and importers:

Electric, Winton, Packard, Olds, Knox, Haynes,

Autocar, Pierce, Apperson, Locomobile, Waltham,

Buffalo, Pope, Franklin, Berg, Cadillac, Thomas,

Stearns, Peerless, Elmore, U.S. Long Distance

No other manufacturers are authorized to make or sell gasoline automobiles,

and any person making, selling or using such machines made or sold by

unlicensed manufacturers or importers will be liable to prosecution

ASSOCIATION OF LICENSED AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURERS

No. 7 East 42nd Street

New York City

 

Dodge

You seen this?

Couzens

Who in the hell is George

Selden. Never heard of him.

Sue us for making cars!

Hell no!

Dodge

George Day of New York and

Fred Smith are behind Selden.

They sued Winton, and

Winton gave in.

Couzens

I've heard about Fred Smith

He's a damn scoundrel!

Dodge

Grey thought we best delay

delivery of any cars until

Couzens

Hell no! No! No!

No one stops Jim Counzens!

This notice is bull, plain bull!

This counts:

Chassis $250

Body $52

Wheels $26

Tires $46

Cushions $16

Tonneau $44

Office costs $150

Assembly $20

That's $604 to make a car.

The price in $850.

$246 profit on each car.

Today I ship out ten cars,

tomorrow ten more,

in a year, I'm rich.

Dodge

You like money don't you?

Couzens

Money means not a thing!

But with money, nobody

can tell me what to do,

not Malcomson, not anybody!

Dodge

I like the way you do work

Couzens

I don't like your work. They

tell me the flywheel stinks.

Consequently your bill goes

unpaid

Dodge

This is quality work

Couzens

I don't know a damn thing

about cars. Wills tells me

the flywheel stinks!

Dodge

The smell don't matter.

It turns, that's all. Pay, or

you'll smell this fist, mister.

Couzens

Don't punch me

punch your damn flywheel!

I will!

Dodge

It is loose. OK.

I'll talk to Horace about it.

Couzens

You're wasting my time.

I sell Ford cars. You want one?

                       

Ford

She ready boys?

All

Howdy Hank!

Wills

We just finished it, the tenth one.

Ford

What's the trouble?

Mitchell

Wills' been grousing at us.

Ford

Harold's a hard driver, eh?

Crank her up.

FORD FFFFFFFF FORD

FFFFFFFFFFFFFFORDD

FORDFORDFORDWILLST

Wills

Now it's the carburetor,

gas is too lean!

Ford

I sent that letter to Holley,

sounds like he has a good one.

Wills

Do we make cars with bugs,

or do we go over to Dodge

and tell him what's wrong?

Ford

You tell Couzens about

the flywheel?

Wills

Yeah

Ford

Couzens'll get mad at Dodge

and make the stink for us

Wills

That leaves the carburetor.

That can't wait. We need a Stromberg

Ford

Let me take a look. Work things

easy, they fit together.

If the gas spurts out,

rub easy around that choke lever.

Get me grease, heavy grease.

Ford works with quiet hands

Malcomson

That's the thanks I get?

Grey

If you leave Malcomson Coal, even for a little time

Federal will call for your loan and you and Ford go down!

Otherwise I see things the way you do. This Fordmobile

that he's building, it won't appeal to men of substance.

Malcomson

It's just a start. Next we build a large touring car to sell for $2,500.

At that price each sale makes a difference.

Grey

Excellent! Have you told Ford this?

Malcomson

He says he doesn't want a high price car, but he'll tire

of his penny-ante-mobile! Ford's only a good mechanic.

He's ideas are far-fetched. We were walking down Mack Street

and he told me that one day that street would be lined with cars

as far as the eye can see!

Grey

Far-fetched indeed! The luxury market is where money is made.

Everyone knows that.

 

Ford

Crank her up!

FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFfffffffffffforttttttT

Kettlewell

I guess you ain't so smart!

Ford

Smart enough to throttle you!

FORD AND YOUNG KETTLEWELL WRESTLE ON THE FLOOR

COME ON DICK!

GET HIM HANK!

TO THE LAUGHTER OF ALL HANDS

Ford

I guess I licked you Dick!

Kettlewell

A shame too. You're old enough to be my father!

Ford

Here comes Couzens

When he starts to talk

start up the engine.

Let's see if we can get under

Sunny Jim's skin!

Couzens

That makes ten. What are waiting for?

Load these cars up!

FFFFFFFFORDFORDFORDFORDFORDFORDDTTtttFORDfordford

I can out shout your damn motor! Load up!

Ford

Shut her off Fred! You could call a barndance, Jim!

Couzens

Stop playing jokes, Mr. Ford. We got

three boxcars to fit ten Fordmobiles in.

Ford

I don't know if they're ready to ship, Jim. Tell him, Harold.

Wills

The caburetion's bad. The car's plain no good.

Couzens

The carburetion hell!

If we don't sell these cars,

the Ford Motor Company won't last out the week!

Wills

Why sell bad work? A Stromberg is expensive but

Couzens

No more expenses

Ford

We have a man coming from Pennsylvania next month

Couzens

A month! A month!

You don't deliver these cars now,

You don't get money,

and we go under. Period!

Wills

This car can not even go up a small hill!

Ford

Don't put money first, Jim. Service is more important.

Couzens

Service more important? Then send a mechanic out later to fix the cars.

Money now! Money!

Ford

Send out a mechanic? I like that. OK, load 'em, boys.

Wills

OK, gents. All of us outback. Wash your hands on the way!

Yessir Mr. Wills!

Couzens

Ford, stay here. Read this.

Ford

Selden didn't do nothing.

It's a Wall Street sham, Jim.

Couzens

Fred Smith's behind it.

Grey asked him to come talk to us.

Ha, Grey told me to buck up, sign on,

and sell Smith a car. Not that one,

a bigger model. What about that?

Ford

Luxury? No, that's Malcomson's idea.

We don't want that, Jim. He wants

a $2500 car for the Grosse Pointe crowd.

That's not good. That crowd'll turn on you.

See that patent thing? That's their type of thing.

Make money by any trick.

I want to make simple cars that anybody can buy.

Malcomson's out to please his rich pals.

Couzens

Then get Malcomson out of the company.

Get him out.

Ford

You don't like him, do you?

Couzens

He thinks he's my boss. I hate him

as much as I hate my father.

Ford

OK, we'll get him out. But that patent, you-

Couzens

Hell no. I'll take care of that!

         

Grey

We can go half way with Smith. No more.

The real problem is our car. Well?

Dodge

I have no problem with a big car.

A MEETING IN A DETROIT HOTEL

Fred Smith of Oldsmobile, and the A.L.A.M. enters

Smith

Gentlemen, you company has enjoyed a beginning burst

of prosperity, but in our experience, a company

cannot survive selling a car for the price you ask.

It's too cheap. I've seen what you call it,

Fordmobile. It is too commiserate with its price,

cheap. You men are talented. Don't tie yourselves

to a firm that has a losing philosophy. Rich men

laugh at your car. But we don't want to be accused

of discouraging competition. We will give you

a license, if you pay back royalties, along

with the initiation fee and give us assurances

that your car will be improved to meet our standards.

That's my positon, what's yours?

Couzens

Selden can take his patent and go to Hell!

Smith

The courts refuse to overrule our patent!

Ford

Couzens answered you!

Smith

The A.L.A.M. can put you out of business, and will!

Couzens

Let them try!

exit Mr. Smith

Malcomson

Very dramatic, but Fred Smith is right.

Grey

Alex and I move that we manufacture a $2,500 model.

Malcomson

Look at Smith's Oldsmobile company; sure they made money

on the Curved Dash for $600, but their new

luxury model will make them a million!

Grey

Rich men, who, face it, are the only people interested

in these automobiles, want a solid car

with quality and luxury. The rich are the market!

Couzens

Not rich big wigs, but businessmen need cars,

businessmen who got to deliver and see clients.

Malcomson

Really Couzens, no car can haul my coal.

Dodge

Ah Couzens, you don't know a damn thing about cars.

You're against us just because we're telling you to do it!

Ford

Does what you say mean you vote for it, John?

Dodge

You against it Hank?

Ford

Rich men gove me a pain in the ass.

Dodge

They pain me too, Hank, but I want their money.

 

Malcomson

And that's what we're doing.

Count the votes, Ford.

Count the votes, Couzens.

Let's not be dreamers.

There's a gold mine, let's get it.

We cut dividends for a new plant;

we raise both your salaries, now;

we need a car to make a big profit!

You going to quit now, Couzens?

Now that you don't have your way!

Couzens

1903 $37,000 profit

1904 $246,000 profit!

Dodge

I looked over that building

out at Piquette Avenue. We can shift

more of the machine work

from my shop to there.

Grey

Judge Parker will represent us

in the Selden case. The suit

will be tried in New York City.

Couzens

John Wanamaker put a notice

in the Eastern papers. Wanamaker

will defend any user of a Fordmobile

that the A.L.A.M. might harrass.

Grey

This looks good gentlemen,

good enough to give ourselves

another $100,000 in dividends!

                 

Ford

Hal, they want us to make

a car to sell for $2500

Wills

That's not what you want.

Ford

I learned something

from every job I had;

from Edison Electric, from

the shipyard and machine shop.

Heck, even from farming! But

nobody forced me to learn.

I don't like a job

I don't care for.

Wills

Let's try a six cylinder

Ford

Too heavy

bunkum on wheels

that's all

Wills

We've gone farther

in this company than we did

in all the others. We're making

money. I think we should stick.

In the new Piquette plant

we got room for a couple models,

keep improving the Model A.

Fifty assembly pits!

Ford

OK. And I'll ditch Malcomson.

Couzens is on my side.

Judge Parker

Selden made nothing. All he did was put on paper

in 1879, how a self-propelled vehicle with

a liquid hydrocarbon engine could be made.

If granted the patent in 1879, his patent rights

would have expired long ago. But Selden,

a patent attorney himself, amended his patent

every two years which the law allows him to do,

and finally did not submit his patent in final form

until 1895. But while granted so late, the powers

of the patent date from 1879, making this patent

the first in your industry. The Selden lawyers

will present an exhaustive case just as they did

against Winton, and try to make litigation too

expensive to carry on. We'll have to answer

their every argument. This case will cost you

upwards of $40,000.

Grey

We can manage that.

I fought the candy monopolists, and won.

Parker

Our case is simple: the Selden patent is not

operable, not useful and not legal. Selden

got his patent through fraud. The Wall Street run

A.L.A.M. now uses it to monopolize

the manufacturing of automobiles.

 

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